Japan i/dʒəˈpæn/ (Japanese: 日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国  Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally "[the] State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".

For more information about Japan check out the ZME Science articles below.

ZME Science posts about Japan


Small hilltop city becomes refuge for earthquake and tsunami survivors


In the aftermath of the earthquake that violently struck Japan and the tsunamis it generated, the small, industrial city of Hitachi emerged unscathed from what Prime Minister Naoto Kan has described as Japan’s “worst crisis since the Second World War”, making it somewhat of a refuge for the hordes of refugees that flooded from many parts of the country. How the city managed to escape unharmed from the seismic disaster is credited to its topography – basically the city was built on some a higher ground. The Friday temblor, which ravaged the entire country and created several aftershocks and tsunamis is estimated to have killed at least 10.000 people, and…

Great Pics, Other

Before and After: satellite imaging shows the depth of Japan earthquake devastation

Central Ishinomaki 2003

In its wake, the Japan 8.9 Richter scale devastating earthquake and the huge tsunami that was produced by it left inimaginable damage. Homes simply stripped apart, farm areas swept away by the water, airports raised, nuclear power plants dangerously shaken and a concerning death toll made the world tremble and reinforced the idea that nature is the master of this fine planet. Below you can watch a set of satellite images presenting different up-view landscapes, be it farm land or an urban zone, as interesting as they are frighting. Central Ishinomaki in 2003 and after. (c) Google To help illustrate the damaging power of the quake and the ensuing tsunami,…

Other, Science, Space

Japan Earthquake causes Earth axis to tilt – shortens day!


As a consequence of last Friday’s devastating earthquake near the coast of Japan, the nation’s most powerful recorded earthquake to date actually since it began archiving results in the late 1800, scientists have assessed that the Earth axis has tilted by a few inches and that the chronological day has been shortened by a millionth of a second. The link and explination of the phenomena from above to the recent earthquake/tsunami is that the shift of tectonic plates beneath the Pacific Ocean opened up a crack about 250 miles long, causing a good portion of Earth’s crust to tumble inside. “There was a redistribution of an enormous amount of the…


Renowned Geophysicist explains Japan tsunami


If you’re looking for an easy to understand scientific explanation about the formation of the devastating quake and tsunami that devastated Japan this Friday, you’d better read Dr. John Ebel‘s theory from below, Professor of geophysics and director of Weston Observatory of Boston College. “We had an earthquake caused by the Pacific Ocean plate sliding under the Asian plate and as it slides under the Asian plate is pushed up…any time you move the ocean floor up or down you induce a tsunami in the ocean. Tsunamis travel fast when the ocean is deep they travel slowly when the ocean is shallow. When the ocean is deep, the wave spreads…

Campagins, Health & Medicine, Other

Donate to tsunami victims in Japan


The recent tsunami wave that hit the Japanese coast this Friday simply devastated the countries costal areas. Besides the actual casualties (now reported to around 1,700), there are a few thousand people still isolated (footage of Japanese citizens stranded on rooftops have been circulating everywhere recently) and thousands more left homeless. The Japanese Government and the countless other nations that have flown down help are doing their best to help these people, but you can play a part in this as well. If you’re willing to lend a hand for the unfortunate, the easiest way is to donate. The fastest and easiest way to help the victims of this devastating…


The Internet’s response to the Japanese earthquake and tsunami

An immediate CNN.com reporting the Japanese quake and tsunami

In the wake of Japan’s most devastating recorded earthquake to date, the nation of the rising sun is still left in shock. Hundreds were killed, many more left homeless, countless financial damage and entire cities left with electricity – it might even get a heck of a lot worse. Another big issue is the telecom failure which makes phone communication practically impossible  – this is when the people turn to the internet. In Tokyo alone, twitter reports that 1,200 minutes are been sent per minute, providing an insightful overview towards the escalation of the event. On facebook, you can imagine things are more intense, but due to its private nature…


No, the Japan earthquake had absolutely NOTHING to do with the Moon


It never ceases to amaze me what absolutely absurd connections some people make. I was baffled to see so many people on the internet asking if there is any connection between the position of the Moon (which is very close to the earth) and the devastating earthquake in Japan. The answer is NO ! But hey don’t take my word for it, just take a look at this chart. ……

Geology, Physics

Radiation Level at Fukushima nuclear plant is 1000 times over accepted level after earthquake

japan radiation

The damage caused by the 8.9 earthquake in Japan is far from being over – asa matter of fact, unfortunately, it may very well just be starting. The earthquake and the tsunamis it created cut down power supply throughout a major part of Japan, and so the cooling system of several power plants was unable to do its job. As a result, the radiation level at the Fukishima power plant is about 1000 times bigger than the accepted level, and technicians are desperately trying to figure out ways to prevent a meltdown, which would have catastrophic results; one way to do this would be to release steam that has been vaporized…

Geology, World Problems

Japan in more trouble after an explosion at a nuclear plant

japan earthquake power plant

The earthquake that occured yesterday near the coast of Japan, the 4th most powerful earthquake ever to be recorded, is causing even more problems, after the direct damage, the aftershocks, the tsunamis, and the fire tsunamis; this time, things can get way, way bigger and worse, and the disaster toll keeps rising. An explosion at a nuclear power plant destroyed a nuclear power station created fears that the a disastrous meltdown could happen, which would definitely cause a huge number of human casualties not only in Japan, but in neighbouring areas as well. The explosion was caused by the earthquake and the tsunamis that devastated Japan, and caused (by now)…


Further heartbreaking information about the Japan earthquake + info on threatened areas

japan 3

The earthquake that struck Japan is much worse than original estimates ! The original 7.9 magnitude actually just got upgraded to 8.9, which makes it 10 times more powerful, and the 4th most powerful earthquake in the past 100 years. Sadly, reports of injured and killed people keep coming in, and will likely not stop for a long time, especially as the earthquake hit some refineries, causing several deadly fires, and to make matters even worse, there are reports of actual tsunamis actually catching fire ! Here is a time map of the threatened areas, if you are in one of them, PLEASE BE PREPARED !  Sirens in Hawaii are…