Japan i/dÊÉËpÃ¦n/ (Japanese: æ¥æ¬ Nippon or Nihon; formally æ¥æ¬å½ Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally "[the] State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
For more information about Japan check the Wikipedia article here
ZME Science posts about Japan