Engraved Crimean flint could point to Neanderthal symbolism

Neanderthals were every bit as complex and advanced as early humans — and perhaps even more so.

How expressive eyebrows helped shape human evolution

Well this study is bound to raise some eyebrows.

Human bones in underwater Mexico cave dated to 13,000 years ago — thanks to a pelvis-stalagmite

Thieves plundered the cave, but they left researchers a bone.

Book Review: ‘Foragers, Farmers, and Fossil Fuels: How Human Values Evolve’

A must-read book spanning time and science.

About 100,000 years ago, people with autism were championed, not shunned, and may even have shaped human evolution

Their unique skills provided a huge advantage to the groups who embraced them.

Ancient Alaskans feasted on salmon 12,000 years ago

Modern archaeology is a lot like crime scene investigation.

Did the earliest Americans walk on ice or cross on water? New study sparks debate

How did people get to America, and when? A new, ‘pioneering and neat’ study may have some answers.

Scientists solve one of anthropology’s most famous hoaxes

In 1912, palaeontologist Arthur Smith Woodward and the amateur antiquarian Charles Dawson made a stunning announcement, which turned out to be a hoax.

Ancient CSI: Scientists investigate 430,000 year old Murder

Anthropologists have uncovered a 430,000 year old homo skull with fatal wounds that represents the earliest identified murder case in human history.

Roman Gladiators were mostly Vegetarian, Drank Sports Drinks from Bone and Ashes

Roman gladiators – some of the most feared warriors in history were mostly vegetarian, a new anthropological study has shown. Gladiators fought to entertain audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations; they fought each other, wild animals, and convicted criminals. Some gladiators were volunteers who risked not only their social standing, but also their lives, but most of

The hobbits may not be real – Flores bones show features of Down syndrome, not new species

In 2004, anthropologists and archaeologists working in Indonesia uncovered what was named “the biggest anthropological finding for 100 years” – fragmentary skeletal remains from the island of Flores were uncovered, appearing to be a new species: Homo floresiensis. But now, new research challenges that find, claiming that the uncovered skeletons were in fact just an abnormal human, most consistent with

Transition to civilization led to drop in testosterone

A study suggests that humanity’s transition to civilization coincided with a drop in testosterone. Less of the hormone is associated with less aggressive behavior and showing tolerance – both essential qualities to a thriving community.

Oldest most complete skeleton found in the New World

In what is quite an exciting study, a mixed team of researchers and cave divers announced the discovery of a near-complete early American human skeleton with an intact cranium and preserved DNA. Over 40 meters (130 feet) below sea level, in the Hoyo Negro area in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, there lies an intricate cave system which was once above the

Skull suggests three hominid species were just one

A new, controversial analysis of a skull suggests that Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis and Homo erectus were in fact the same species, something which would force scientists rewrite a big page of anthropology. Researchers compared the anatomical features of the of a 1.8-million-year-old fossil skull with those of four other skulls from the same excavation site at Dmanisi, Georgia; the

“Adam” figure of all men is 340.000 years old

You may understand that all people are different, but it takes a lot of genetics to understand just how different humans really are. Albert Perry for example has something spectacular in his genome: his Y chromosome is so distinct, so easily identifiable that it basically revealed new information about our species. Working their way around this chromosome, researchers were able

Neanderthals may have died off much earlier than thought

A new carbon dating technique developed by Australian scientists may warrant a new extinction theory for the Neanderthals, which according to the researchers made their last stand some 50,000 years ago or 15,000 years earlier than previously thought. If this is indeed a fact, then our distant extinct relatives may have never interacted with modern humans, nor interbred for that

The grandmother hypothesis – grandma babysitting helped us evolve longer lifespans

Strangely enough, it was computer simulation that provided the mathematical support for the grandmother hypothesis – a famous yet controversial theory which suggests adult humans have longer lifespans as a result of grandmother babysitting. Longevity genes The simulation indicates that without any estimate of the brain size, an animal with a chimp-like lifespan can evolve in only 60.000 to live

Neolithic man: the first lumberjack?

During the Neolithic period, man made the big jump from hunter-gatherer to farmer and agriculturalist, eventually moving on to larger and larger settlements, with a variety of animals and plants. The transition also brought significant changes in terms of economy, architecture, and apparently, woodworking. Dr. Ran Barkai of Tel Aviv University‘s Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations has

The ancient ‘Nutcracker Man’ actually prefered grass

In a recent important palentological find, it seems that one of our ancient ancestors, the so called “Nutcracker Man” who lived between 1.4 and 1.9 million years ago, actually used its large teeth to graiss grass not crack the shell of nuts. “It most likely was eating grass, and most definitely was not cracking nuts,” said University of Utah geochemist

Chimps can work together similarily to humans, study shows

In a recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists have shown that our closest relatives behave very similarly to humans when put in a situation where close cooperation is needed for maximizing results. The research, conducted by a team of scientists from Georgia State University, was tested on three primate sub-species – humans, chimps