In the past years, several types of invisibility cloaks have been developed, hiding objects not only from light, but also from sound and even heat. But this is the first time an invisibility cloak for touch has been developed.
“We build the structure around the object to be hidden. In this structure, strength depends on the location in a defined way,” explains Tiemo Bückmann, KIT, the first author of the article. “The precision of the components combined with the size of the complete arrangement was one of the big obstacles to the development of the mechanical invisibility cloak.”
The metamaterial in case is actually in a crystalline material, built with extreme sub-micrometer accuracy; it basically consists of needle-shaped cones, whose tips meet. The size of the contact points is calculated precisely to reach the mechanical properties desired. The resulting structure is built in such a way that a finger or a measuring instrument cannot feel its way through it.
“It is like in Hans-Christian Andersen’s fairy tale about the princess and the pea. The princess feels the pea in spite of the mattresses. When using our new material, however, one mattress would be sufficient for the princess to sleep well,” Bückmann explains.
So far, this is pure research – no end goal in sight. However, since it paves the way for producing materials with freely selectable mechanical properties, it could have a myriad of applications. The first that pop to mind are comfier mattresses or rugs under which you can sneak a cable or two and not feel them; however, investing in such a high-end technology for this type of results is not something doable at the moment.
T. Bückmann, M. Thiel, M. Kadic, R. Schittny, M. Wegener. An elasto-mechanical unfeelability cloak made of pentamode metamaterials. Nature Communications, 2014; 5 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5130