The American military is actually one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world -- more than many nations.
A new analysis by Dr. Neta Crawford, a professor of Political Science and Department Chair at Boston University, shows that the Pentagon was responsible for around 59 million metric tons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions in 2017. This figure places the U.S. military higher on the list of the world's largest emitters than industrialized countries such as Sweden or Portugal.
The Costs of War
"In a newly released study published by Brown University's Costs of War Project, I calculated U.S. military greenhouse gas emissions in tons of carbon dioxide equivalent from 1975 through 2017," Dr. Crawford explains in a piece for LiveScience.
"Since 2001, the DOD has consistently consumed between 77 and 80 percent of all US
government energy consumption," her paper explains.
In "any one year", she explains, the Pentagon's emissions were greater than "many smaller countries' [emissions]," the study explains. In fact, if the Pentagon were a country, it would be the world's 55th largest greenhouse gas emitter, overtaking even industrialized countries.
The largest single sources of military greenhouse gas emissions identified in the study are buildings and fuel. The DoD maintains over 560,000 buildings, which account for about 30% of its emissions. "The Pentagon building itself emitted 24,620.55 metric tons of [CO2 equivalent] in the fiscal year 2013," the study says. The lion's share of total energy use, around 70%, comes from operations. This includes moving troops and material about, as well as their use in the field, and is kept running by massive quantities of jet and diesel fuel, Crawford said.
This January, the Pentagon listed climate change as “a national security issue” in a report it presented to Congress. The military has launched several initiatives to prepare for its impacts but seems just as thirsty for fuel as ever before. It is understandable; tanks, trucks, planes, bombers without fuel -- and a lot of fuel -- they're just fancy paperweights.
But, at the same time, the use of fossil fuels is changing the climate. Global climate models estimate a 3ºC to 5ºC (5.4ºF to 9ºF) rise in mean temperatures this century alone under a business as usual scenario. In a paper published in Nature that we covered earlier today, we've seen how 4ºC would increase the effect of climate on conflict more than five-fold. More conflict would probably mean more fuel guzzled by the army's engines.
The paper also looks at how the U.S. military "spends about $81 billion annually defending the global oil supply" to ensure both domestic and military life can continue without a hitch.
"The military uses a great deal of fossil fuel protecting access to Persian Gulf Oil," the paper explains. "Because the current trend is that the US is becoming less dependent on oil, it may be that the mission of protecting Persian Gulf oil is no longer vital and the US military can reduce its presence in the Persian Gulf."
"Which raises the question of whether, in protecting against a potential oil price increase, the US does more harm than it risks by not defending access to Persian Gulf oil. In sum, the Persian Gulf mission may not be as necessary as the Pentagon assumes."
However, not all is dead and dreary. Crawford says the Pentagon had reduced its fuel consumption significantly since 2009, mainly by making its vehicles more efficient and shifting towards cleaner sources of energy at bases. Further reductions could be achieved by cutting missions to the Persian Gulf, the paper advises, seeing as it is no longer a top priority to protect oil supply from this area as renewable energy is gaining in the overall grid make-up.
“Many missions could actually be rethought, and it would make the world safer,” Crawford concludes.
The paper "Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War" can be accessed here.