Great Pics, Space

Mars covered in oceans of water: how the red planet might have looked billions of years ago [FANTASTIC PHOTOS]

(c) Kevin Gill

There seems to be consisting evidence supplied both by past and recent rover missions – like the ever sturdy Opportunity, the eager newcomer Curiosity – and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter – a spacecraft currently hovering over Mars – that our neighboring red planet was once most likely covered by oceans and lakes and was layered by a thick atmosphere, very much similar to Earth. Kevin Gill, a New Hampshire software engineer, digitally painted how Mars might have looked like some two billion years ago using scientific data and human imagination – the end result is strikingly provocative and stunning at the same time.

Gill used an open-source geospatial program to design the terrain for the “paradisaical” Mars, while atmosphere and vegetation features were added based on NASA’s Blue Marble: Next Generation imagery. The painting’s geological features were plotted based on genuine elevation data from topographical NASA mappings. Countless surveys have revealed Mars’ surface was layered with river deltas, gullies, and oceanic coastlines. Also, previous findings suggest that Mars was once covered in a thick atmosphere, which gradually became ever thinner from the lack of a magnetic field. Concerning the vegetation, clouds and other features painted in these quite exquisite views, these were all based on Gill’s artistic impression of how Mars might have looked like in its heyday.

“There is no scientific reasoning behind how I painted it; I tried to envision how the land would appear given certain features or the effects of likely atmospheric climate. For example, I didn’t see much green taking hold within the area of Olympus Mons and the surrounding volcanoes, both due to the volcanic activity and the proximity to the equator,” Gill says.

“This wasn’t intended as an exhaustive scientific scenario as I’m sure (and expect) some of my assumptions will prove incorrect,” Gill continued. “I’m hoping at least to trigger the imagination, so please enjoy!”

(c) Kevin Gill

The image from above shows the western hemisphere of Mars, while the one below shows the eastern hemisphere.

(c) Kevin Gill

As presented above, Mars would definitely be capable of harboring life, although no one is currently capable of positively asserting that life was or is presented on the red planet – so far. This is what Curiosity is tasked with and this is why we’re so keen on following the rover’s every step. Maybe an even more interesting idea inevitably pops when looking at these dazzling photos – can we, humans, turn these stunning views of Mars into reality through terraforming?

The image below is an actual rendition of Mars as seen from space captured by the Mars Global Surveyor in 1999.

  • Len Rosen

    Like the speculation on what Mars may have looked like with free flowing water on its surface. As for terraforming the planet, this would take an effort beyond the capability of our current technology and a timeline of thousands of years. I have many friends who see Mars as our lifeboat after we have destroyed Earth’s environment. The Mars you paint existed billions of years ago. It’s no lifeboat for our planetary foolishness. We need to be looking at lifeboat Earth and figuring out how to engineer it back to where we were around the time of the Industrial Revolution without depopulating the planet. It will take some doing but that terraforming would take a few centuries.

  • Rogue Racer

    i wonder if mars din’t change

  • Arek MacDonald

    Finally someone educated view’s these posts.

  • qwd

    One problem with earth is the overpopulation of humans.