Ancient trash suggests climate change helped drive the Byzantine Empire into the ground

No army can fight on an empty belly. Neither can an empire.

Roman fish salting workshops reveal two whale species lost from the Mediterranean

The discovery stands to change our understanding of the Roman fishing industry and the history of two endangered whale species.

Empires, institutions and religion arise from war

Peter Turchin, a population dynamicist at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, and his colleagues finished a study which concluded that war drove the formation of complex social institutions such as religions and bureaucracies. The study showed that these institutions helped give much needed stability to large and ethnically diverse early societies. “Our model says they spread because they helped