A team of researchers from the Colorado University has found that the tendency to procrastinate is also influenced by genetic factors – the same genetic factors which are linked to impulsiveness.
Before you start blaming your family for your lack of productivity, you should know that procrastination is still mostly your fault – genes are just another thing to factor in. In other words, when it comes to delaying tasks, not all are made equal – at least that’s what this study concludes.
Colorado researchers analyzed 181 identical twin pairs and 166 fraternal twin pairs. Identical twins develop from the same zygote that splits and forms two embryos, while fraternal twins develop from two eggs, each fertilized by a different sperm cell – this is why some twins are, well, identical (have 100% identical genes) and others are more like brothers (50% identical genes).
Prior research has suggested that there is a connection between impulsiveness and laziness. Being impulsive has a significant evolutionary advantage, likely helping our ancestors with everyday survival. Procrastination, on the other hand, is believed to be a modern phenomenon, and it clearly has no advantage – so how come these two are linked ? The researchers also suggest that procrastination is an evolutionary by-product of making the rash decisions that go along with being impulsive.
“Learning more about the underpinnings of procrastination may help develop interventions to prevent it, and help us overcome our ingrained tendencies to get distracted and lose track of work,” study author Daniel Gustavson said in a statement.
Impulsiveness and procrastination are linked because they are both goal management related.
Gustavson and colleagues are now investigating how procrastination and impulsivity are related to higher-level cognitive abilities, such as executive functions, and whether these same genetic influences are related to other aspects of self-regulation in our day-to-day lives.
“Learning more about the underpinnings of procrastination may help develop interventions to prevent it, and help us overcome our ingrained tendencies to get distracted and lose track of work,” Gustavson concludes.
D. E. Gustavson, A. Miyake, J. K. Hewitt, N. P. Friedman. Genetic Relations Among Procrastination, Impulsivity, and Goal-Management Ability: Implications for the Evolutionary Origin of Procrastination. Psychological Science, 2014; DOI: 10.1177/0956797614526260