One broken gene made us very good runners

A genetic fluke two to three million years ago turned humans into the best endurance runners around.

One of our extinct ancient relatives developed a chewing pattern unique among primates

We don’t know why they did so.

Early human ancestors may not have passed down knowledge but simply crafted tools on instinct

Luckily we’re really big on it now.

Mysterious 9.7-million-year-old fossilized teeth likely belong to unknown ancient European primate

Some speculate the teeth may belong to a hominid species but evidence backs no such sensationalist claim.

Earliest baboon found in a cave littered with hominid fossils

A beautifully preserved skull fragment belonging to the earliest baboon species was found in a South African cave. The site in Malapa has constantly offered archaeologists and anthropologists plenty of work, since it was populated by various hominid species across millions of years. In fact, it is here that scientists discovered a distinct hominid species, Australopithecus sediba, for the first time. Apart from the ancient baboon, no other non-hominid animal was found in the cave.

The oldest stone cutting tools may have sparked the evolution of language

A far from definite, yet highly interesting explanation for the origin of language was recently proposed – not by linguists or geneticists, but by a psychologists who took an archaeological route. Thomas Morgan, a psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley presents us with a chicken or the egg dilemma: was tool use proliferated by language or was language evolutionary triggered

Stone tools evolved independent of ancient African cultures

A breakthrough finding in Armenia where thousands of ancient cutting tools were found beautifully preserved casts doubt on a currently prevailing hypothesis that these were solely invented in Africa. The tools discovered are between 325,000 and 335,000 years old. The age suggests the ancient paleolithic cultures of the time that inhabited the region independently developed the sophisticated technique to produce them.

Unique gene passed by extinct human species makes Tibetans superhuman

Advancements in genetic sequencing has allowed genomic research to flourish. DNA sequencing is now much faster, cheaper and accurate than ever before, and we’re only now beginning to reap the rewards. It’s the first step to a complete understanding of our bodies. The Human Genome Project, once finally completed, mapped and identified all the genes of the human genome. This helps

Early hominids started walking on two legs because of shifting geology

Walking a four legs definitely has its perks. You can run faster, you have more stability because of the lower center of gravity, there’s lower wind resistance and so on. How did our early hominid ancestors ever come to discard their quadruped locomotion for an upright stance, though? Many theories have been formulated in this direction, and researchers at University of