The Ganges (English pron.: /ËÉ¡Ã¦ndÊiËz/ GAN-jeez) or Ganga (Hindi: [ËÉ¡ÉÅÉ¡aË] ( listen), Sanskrit: à¤à¤à¥à¤à¤¾, Hindi: à¤à¤à¤à¤¾, Bengali: à¦à¦à§à¦à¦¾), is a trans-boundary river of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the longest river of India and is the second greatest river in the world by water discharge. The Ganges basin is the most heavily populated river basin in the world, with over 400 million people and a population density of about 1,000 inhabitants per square mile (390 /km2).
The river Ganges has literally been at the center of Indian life for thousands of years, both socially and spiritually. Millions of people have been fed, bathed and enlightened by it. It’s a sacred river, regarded as the most important stream in Hindu mythology – it’s also very dirty. The Ganges is considered to be [...]