The Apollo program returned 380.05 kg of lunar rocks and soil, and most of the samples are stored at the Lunar Sample Laboratory Facility. The samples of rocks, breccias, and regolith were polished into thin sections, allowing for optical geologic studies to be performed on them.
This jaw-dropping image was taken by High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in the Sirenum Fossae region of Mars. This impact crater appears relatively recent as it has a sharp rim and well-preserved ejecta. The steep inner slopes are carved by gullies and include possible recurring slope lineae on the equator-facing slopes. Fresh craters often have
Here we see a narrowing river of lava flows through the fractured surface of the delta, feeding the ocean entry and creating new land.
The Seven Sisters are a series of chalk cliffs by the English Channel, in Sussex (doh!). In case you didn’t know, chalk is actually a porous sedimentary rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite forming in somewhat deep underwater conditions from the gradual accumulation of minute calcite plates (coccoliths) shed from micro-organisms called coccolithophores. The southern and
Originally described from Turjinskii Mine (Turginsk Mine) in Russia, turgite is generally considered a variety of two more common minerals – goethite and hematite. Turgite is a mixture of the two minerals due to the alteration of goethite, typically found in the botryoidal (globular) habit of the “parent” goethite; however, because it is a mixture of two minerals, it is not considered a
This beautiful formation is made up of three mineral: Chalcopyrite (green), Galena (purple) and Dolomite (gray).
Today, we have more pictures… because I just couldn’t limit myself to one. Olivier Grunewald, a well known French photographer traveled the world to capture these stunning images of volcanic eruptions.
Clinoptilolite is a natural zeolite comprising a microporous arrangement of silica and alumina tetrahedra. These zeolite crystals form when volcanic molten lava meets the sea. This chemical reaction creates a crystal with a cage-like, porous structure and negative charge, making it one of the rare, negatively-charged minerals in nature. Engineers have been exploiting this feature, using zeolites as filters for
Strengite is a rare mineral, named after Johann August Streng, a professor of Mineralogy at University of Giessen, Germany, in the late 1800s. Streng was an assistant to Robert Bunsen at University of Heidelberg and later professor of chemistry at the Clausthal Mining Academy and was an innovator in his field (chemical titration). Strengite is a relatively rare iron phosphate mineral with the formula: